Department 1

Department 1

Ajdutstvo (Guerilla resistance) – armed resistance against the Ottoman rule in Macedonia

Ајдутството - вооружен отпор против османлиското владеење во Македонија

The First Department displays items from the period of the ajduks (outlaws), which was an unprepared but massive armed resistance of the Christian population in Macedonia against the Ottoman rule, especially against the authoritarian rule of the local Ottoman authorities. Visible beginnings of banditry have been observed in the 16th century reaching its peak it in the 19th century. The outlaws operated as individuals or armed groups (rebel battalions) fought against it and retaliated for the violence and abuse inflicted by the representatives of the Ottoman rule or by rogue Ottoman armed individuals and groups. The reason for the outlaws to leave their quiet family life and home was usually for personal revenge - for the slain brother, father, kidnapped or murdered sister, wife, child, etc.

The themed settings in this department run within the timeline from 1689 to the Great East Crisis or it is the period known for the armed Karposh Uprising against the Ottoman rule as a result of the Ottoman-Austrian war until the period from 1875 to 1878, as the last period marked by numerous events, turmoil and political change in the Balkans and Macedonia.

Карпошово востание 1689, писмо и факсимил, делови од коњанички пиштол

Karposh Uprising 1689, letter and facsimile, parts of a cavalry gun

Румена војвода

Rumena Voyvoda

She was called the “Mountain Queen” for being one of the most famous women outlaws and war-lords in the second half of the XIX century, acting in the Osogovo region.

Ilyo Voyvoda (Dedo Ilyo Maleshevski)

He was an outlaw and volunteer for over 40 years in the wars in Russia and Serbia against the Ottoman Empire in the second half of the 1870’s and a participant in the Macedonian Uprising in 1878.

Weapons used by the Ottoman military representatives and the outlaws