Department 10

Macedonia during the First World War 1914-1918

During the First World War, Macedonia and the Macedonian people were exposed to military actions that took place on the Macedonian Front from 1916 to 1918. Despite the participation of the activists and the revolutionaries of IMRO, as an active armed force and the mobilized Macedonians in military units of the Balkan states, Macedonia was again exposed to war destruction and division. Within these events a number of former members of the IMRO and current leaders, rebels, and many volunteers, mostly from the Macedonian emigrants in Bulgaria entered the ranks of the 11 Macedonian Infantry Division (over 33,000 people - soldiers and officers).

In their military activity on the Macedonian front, right until the end of September 1918, the Macedonians fought and sacrificed for the interests of other countries. Fighting on the side of two military alliances in that yet unseen biggest military conflict, despite the numerous of victims, displaced families and devastated homes, the Macedonian people was left without their own state without achieving the ideas of the MRO for statehood.


Oружје и опрема од Првата светска војна; пушки, револвери, ножеви, шлемWeapons and equipment from World War I: rifles, revolvers, knives, swords, helmets
Восочна фигура: АЛЕКСАНДАР ПРОТОГЕРОВ (1867-1928)Wax Figure: ALEKSANDAR PROTOGEROV (1867-1928)
He was a general in the Bulgarian army and of Macedonian origin; also he was a member of the Central Committee of IMRO after World War First. He was one of the founders of the officer’s fraternities in Bulgaria and member of the Supreme Macedonian-Adrianople Committee in Sofia, as well as participant in the Upper Dzumaj and the Ilinden Uprising. In 1911 he became deputy member of the IMRO of Todor Aleksandrov, and during the Balkan wars he commanded with the brigade and the intelligence service. During the First World War he was appointed military governor of the Macedonian region, and in 1917 he was appointed Chief of the Directorate for Social Welfare and Social Predictability. After the First World War he participated in the formation of IMRO, but in 1928 he was killed for his ideological disagreements with Ivan (Vancho) Mihajlov.
ХАСАН ПРИШТИНА (1873-1933) HASAN PRISHTINA (1873-1933)
He was an Albanian politician and one of the most important Albanian activists in the struggle for Albanian independence, the leader and president of the Kosovo Committee; in 1921 he briefly took the office as Albanian Prime Minister. After the Young Turk Revolution (1908), or the Albanian uprising of 1910, he was elected deputy in the Ottoman Parliament. During the Albanian uprising of 1912, he appeared as an administrator, and during the First Balkan War he was leading the fight against the division of territories inhabited by Albanian population in Montenegro, Serbia and Greece. In the period after the First World War he acted for the unification of Kosovo and Albania. That same year he became acting Prime Minister of Albania, but under the pressure of Ahmed Zogu he quit his political position. Ahmet Zogu removed the Kosovo Albanians from the Albanian parliament and government to avoid military conflict with the Kingdom of SHS. In 1924, with the coming to power of Ahmet Zogu, Hassan left Albania for good and moved to Thessaloniki. In 1933 a two-day meeting was held between Vancho Mihajlov and Hasan Prishtina, then President of the Kosovo Committee for cooperation against the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and for the future borders of Albania and Macedonia. The agreed upon items enfolded the following: if Macedonia were united with Bulgaria then Macedonian territories with the majority Albanian population (Debar and part of its surroundings) to unite with Albania, otherwise they remain in future independent Macedonia. Mihajlov and Prishtina prepared an entire project for the future union between the IMRO of Vancho Mihajlov, the Kosovo Committee and the Croatian Ustasha movement headed by Ante Pavelic. That same year, Hassan was killed.