Department 3

Razlog Uprising and the Macedonian (Kresna) Uprising

Разловечкото и Македонското (Кресненско) востание

The Third Department is dedicated to the uprisings of the Macedonian people during the Great Eastern Crisis (1875 -1878). Over this period of development of the Macedonian society, the idea for the Macedonian national liberation matured and its frontrunners were the intellectuals educated in Macedonia and abroad, the native war-lords hardened in outlaw battles and the volunteers in the wars against the Ottoman Empire. Their actions led to the raising of two uprisings: the Razlog Uprising in 1876 and the Macedonian (Kresna) Uprising in 1878 which boosted the Macedonian political and national platform. These two uprisings comprise the first organized and armed Macedonian resistance against the Ottoman authorities which inherently brings a political goal or struggle for a Macedonian state.

The leader of these uprisings was Dimitar Pop Georgiev – Berovski, a person who was educated in Odessa and Belgrade and had contacts with prominent figures from the Polish and Czech emigration. Besides Berovski, significant roles in these insurrectionary struggles also played the rebel leaders: Dedo Ilyo Maleshevski, Stojan Karastoilov, Gjorgji Pulevski, Todor Palaskarijata, Hristo Makedonski and others, while Metropolitan Nathaniel engaged in the organization and provision of assistance to the rebels.



He was the father of the wife of Dimitar Pop Georgiev Berovski and one of the organizers of the Razlog Uprising. He purchased all military equipment and supplies for the uprising with his own personal assets.

Знамето на Разловечкото востание изработено од Станислава Караиванова и баба Недела
Flag of the Razlog Uprising made by Stanislava Karaivanova and grandma Nedela

Восочна фигура: ДИМИТАР ПОП ГЕОРГИЕВ БЕРОВСКИ (1840-1907),


He was a Macedonian teacher, activist and organizer of two Macedonian uprisings. During the period between 1858/1860 he studied at the Odessa Spiritual Seminary, from where he was expelled for his revolutionary ideas and then he enrolled the studies at the Military Academy in Belgrade where he graduated. In 1865 he returned to Berovo where he worked as a teacher. There he actively participated in the Church's dispute with the Greek Phanariotes for which he gained great affection among the people from the region of the Maleshevski Mountains. Slandered by the Greek bishops he fled to Istanbul and afterwards he lived secretly in Thessaloniki. In Thessaloniki together with the Macedonian intelligence he formed a group whose aim was to organize uprisings against the Turkish rule. He was the main organizer of the Razlog Uprising and after its suppression he joined the organization of the Macedonian Uprising (1878), where he was elected chief of the insurgents' headquarters. The clashes between the Bulgarian Committee “Unity (Edinstvo)” and the leaders of the uprising which inspired and gave an independent Macedonian character, contributed to the arrest of Dimitar Berovski. His removal from the lead of the uprising also meant a gradual failure of insurgent activities. After the failure of the Macedonian Uprising he fled to Kyustendil, where he lived and worked until his death in 1907. During this period he was an active supporter of MRO. Dimitar Berovski, also, was the initiator for renewal of the Ohrid Archbishopric as an independent Macedonian Orthodox Christian Church opposed to the Bulgarian and Greek clerical leadership and staff. He was trying to All that he was trying to achieve through a Union of Macedonian Christians with the Vatican, who in 1874, for the above purpose, managed to break away from the Bulgarian ecclesiastical jurisdiction small parts of the region of Serres, Melnik, Strumica, Voden, Kukush and the Salonica area and all attached to the Vatican.